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speak的用法总结大全

时间:2020年12月19日 20:05:42 来源:www.whykang.com 阅读:

  speak的用法总结大全?

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speak的用法总结大全

speak的意思

vt.& vi. 讲,谈,演说,从某种观点来说

变形:过去式: spoke; 现在分词:speaking; 过去分词:spoken;

speak用法

speak可以用作动词

speak的基本意思是“讲”“谈”,指用声音表达意思,着重开口发声,而且着眼于个人的言语行为,可指自言自语,也可指支离破碎地交谈。

  其后常接语言、实话等词。

  speak还可作“发言,演说,作报告”解,指连贯、系统、正式的讲话。

speak还可表示用说话以外的方式“表明”“显示”“表达”,引申还可表示“用响声宣告”。

speak可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。

  用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

speak用作动词的用法例句

Does anyone speak English here?这儿有人会说英语吗?

I'm quite capable of speaking for myself, thank you!我还是有能力把话说清楚的,谢谢你吧。

The patient is too weak to speak.病人太衰弱了,不能说话。

speak用法例句

1、The Ukrainians speak a Slavonic language similar to Russian.

乌克兰人所说的那种斯拉夫语系的语言类似于俄语。

2、Sonia might not speak the English language well, but then who did?

索尼娅的英语也许说得不好,但谁又说得好呢?

3、Pressure appears to be mounting for conformity in how people speakEnglish.

要求人们讲规范英语的压力似乎越来越大。

怎么区别speak talk tell say 的不同用法

(一)从动词的及物性的角度老思考

1.speak talk 是不及物动词

①speak 为不及物动词使用时,强调单方面的“说”或者“讲”,而talk是强调的是双方“交谈”,表示“同某人谈论某事”常用的搭配各自是speakto /with sb.about sth. talk to /with sb about sth.

Please speak more quickly.请再说快一点。

  I spoke to /with my teacher about myidea.我和我的老师说了我的想法。

  What are they talking about ?它们正在谈论什么?

② speak表示说某种语言时,后面加语言名称作宾语时, speak为及物动词,其后可以直接接表示语种的单词。

He can speak Japanese quite well.他日语说得非常好。

  We can speak English .我会说英语。

  Canyou speak French ?你会讲法语吗?

2.say tell 是及物动词

①say强调说话内容, tell 表示“告诉”,可以接双宾语。

  常用搭配各自是say sth to sb,tell sb sth (=tell sthto sb),tell sb to do sth.

Did you say anything (to him)?你对他说了什么?He said he wanted to go 他说他想去。

  I toldhim my address,我把我的地址告诉了他。

He told his parents the good news/He told the good news to hisparents.他把这个好消息告诉了他的父母。

②tell 还可以和from连用表示“区别,辨别”,常与can,be able to 连用。

  如Can you tell true friendsfrom false ones?你能分清楚真假朋友吗?He can't tell right from wrong.他不辨是非。

③say 强调说话内容,主语未必是人,可以是黑板报纸书信符号便笺等都可以做主语。

  如The law says this is quitelegitimate.从法律上说,这是完全合法的。

  The book doesn't say where he was born.书上没有说他是在哪里出生的。

(二)从习惯表达方面来思考

①speak表示“演说,演讲,发言”Who is going to speak at the meeting ?谁将在会上发言?

②习惯表达中常见固定搭配tell a lie 说谎,tell a story 讲故事。

总之,区别speak talk tellsa这四个单词的用法,从动词的及物和不及物性,从习惯的表达法两个方面去思考,就能理顺各自用法,把他们区别开来就非常容易了。

Speak和Talk相关短语的使用

英语单词 “speak” 和 “talk” 作动词使用时都有 “说话,谈论” 的意思。

  在交流中,你能准确地使用 “speak” 和 “talk”吗?“脱口秀” 的英语说法是 “speak shows” 还是 “talk shows”?形容一个人 “光说不做” 的正确表达是 “be all speak”还是 “be all talk”?做下面的八道题,测试你是否掌握了单词 “speak” 和 “talk” 之间的用法区别。

1. Regina says what she honestly thinks about things. She _______

a) is talking her mind.

b) talks her mind.

c) speaks her mind.

d) is speaking her mind.

2. They haven’t been _______(交谈说话) since that big argument(争论)they had atuniversity(大学).

a) on talking terms

b) on talk terms

c) on speak terms

d) on speaking terms

3. I saw your manager(经理) the other day, and he _______(高度赞扬)

a) spoken very highly of you.

b) spoke very highly of you.

c) talked very highly of you.

d) talk very highly of you.

4. I find _______ really stupid! The weather really isn’t thatinteresting!

a) small talking

b) small speaking

c) small speak

d) small talk

5. My favourite type of TV programs (电视节目)are _______, where the guests arefamous people(名人).

a) talk shows

b) speaking shows

c) talking shows

d) spoken shows

6. The latest(最新的)celepity scandal(名人丑闻) is a real _______

a) speaking point.

b) spoken point.

c) talk point.

d) talking point.

7. The fact that she got such a high exam mark _______ about thecommitment(努力)she has shown during studying.

a) speaks volumes

b) speaking volumes

c) talks volumes

d) talking volumes

8. I wouldn’t listen to them, nothing they say is true – they’re_______

a) all speak

b) all speaking

c) all talk

d) all talking

答案1) c, 2) d, 3) b, 4) d, 5) a, 6) d, 7) a, 8) c.

 

 

 

 

 

  speak的用法总结大全。

责任编辑:丁萌

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